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PRINZ Seminar

Measuring green jobs and skills

Liz Gallagher (NESTA), India Kerle (NESTA), Zayn Meghji (NESTA)

Tuesday 19 December 2023 11:00 - 12:00

SAL 2.04, 2nd Floor Conference Room, Sir Arthur Lewis Building, LSE, 32 Lincoln's Inn Fields, London WC2A 3PH

About this event

The public conversation around the workforce transition to Net Zero has become too narrowly focused on a small number of the greenest jobs. This binary narrative fails to capture the complexity of the changing labour market and doesn?t deal with meaningful edge cases, such as green occupations in brown industries or brown occupations that need green skills. To broaden these conversations, we have developed a methodology to measure the `greenness? of every job, business and sector. We have applied these measures to our growing dataset of job adverts, and developed a tool for others to explore our results: The Green Jobs Explorer. The green measures we have developed are at three levels of granularity; skills, industries and occupations. Our algorithms rely on natural language processing techniques to extract information from job adverts, standardise this information, and join it to publicly available datasets. For our skills measure we use a named entity recognition model to identify parts of the unstructured job advert text that are likely to mention skills, and then match these to ESCO?s green skills list. For our industry measure we fine tune a BERT transformer model to identify sentences in job adverts concerning the hiring company or mentions of the industry, matching these to the Standard Industrial Classification codes and then joining to ONS emissions by industry datasets. Finally, for our occupation measure, we semantically map the job title to a Standard Occupation Classification code, and then join these to datasets from the ONS on time spent doing green tasks per occupation. Combined, these give us a nuanced picture of the greenness of each job advert, without relying on a single definition of a ?green job?. This allows us to see which skills are most in demand for green occupations and industries, as well as to provide insights for pathways into greener occupations with similar sets of skills. If used effectively, this information could help policymakers, employers and other crucial actors make informed decisions and plan effectively for one of our most significant workforce transitions. To ensure our insights are used by others working on green jobs and filter through to decision makers, we have developed `The Green Jobs Explorer?, which makes the data we have generated available for others to use in their analysis.

Participants are expected to adhere to the Events Code of Conduct.

This event will take place in SAL 2.04, 2nd Floor Conference Room, Sir Arthur Lewis Building, LSE, 32 Lincoln's Inn Fields, London WC2A 3PH.

The building is labelled SAL on the map. Enter the building via Lincoln's Inn Fields.

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